THE WORD UTOPIA WAS coined by Sir Thomas More, a noted British barrister, lord chancellor under King Henry VIII, and since recognized as a saint in the Catholic Church.
Utopia’s economic egalitarianism requires everyone to turn over everything they produce to central storehouses, from where they, in turn, get whatever they require to live.
More’s response is to fabricate an egalitarian society that claims to provide for all wants and needs on an equal basis by expunging humanness from the human being and suppressing individual pride—that is, free will and personal fulfillment—for the good of society. In Utopia, the individual is not trusted to care for himself. His highest value is that of an insipid worker compliantly obeying orders. His personality must be reengineered. His own desires and happiness, therefore, are made indistinguishable from those of every other individual.
people are forced to work on farms, move to different homes, and join other families. They must wear the same type of clothing, live in the same style homes, and reside in similarly designed towns. They eat, sleep, and dress as told. The individual is constantly prodded, yanked, and pushed to do that which he may not wish to do. He is even encouraged to self-euthanize when his illness or weakness interferes with his ability to contribute to society.
even more thoroughly than the Republic, More’s Utopia demands conformity, uniformity, and communal living for nearly all of its inhabitants. Apart from its religious component, it is similar in kind to, and a forerunner to, the “utopian socialism” in The Communist Manifesto and its emphasis on radical egalitarianism. Of course, Utopia is no paradise. It substitutes one evil for another.