Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (the Act), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is authorized to conduct workplace inspections and investigations to determine whether employers are complying with standards issued by the agency for safe and healthful workplaces. OSHA also enforces Section 5(a)(1) of the Act, known as the “General Duty Clause,” which requires that every working man and woman must be provided with a safe and healthful workplace.
Workplace inspections and investigations are conducted by OSHA compliance safety and health officers who are safety and health professionals trained in the disciplines of safety and industrial hygiene.
Inspections are always conducted without advance notice.
After the compliance officer reports findings, the Area Director determines whether he or she will issue citations and/or propose penalties.
Citations inform the employer and employees of the regulations and standards alleged to have been violated and of the proposed length of time set to correct alleged hazards. The employer will receive citations and notices of proposed penalties by certified mail. The employer must post a copy of each citation at or near the place a violation occurred for 3 days or until the violation is abated, whichever is longer.
Type of violations: Other-Than-Serious, Serious, Willful, Repeated, Failure-to-Abate